People & Lifestyle in Nepal.
People & Lifestyle in Nepal.
Nepalese people commonly welcome you Namaste as a traditional salute (means I salute the divine in you). It is wisely used in the most part of country. Furthermore, people of different caste and religion live here. Mostly each ethnic group has their own unique costumes. They also speak their own languages or dialects. And follow their own religious practices. They live in different diverse geographic and environmental orientations. They live in the low plains near the Indian border. And northward through the middle hills of Mahabharat range and valleys. Also, in the high plain valleys of the Himalayan zone.
However, the globalization motives and innovations effect to the Nepalese society. It makes many changes day by day. In addition, several infrastructural developments, new roads, building. Similarly, modern public, education, democracy, etc. Likewise, even rapid innovation of information technology, internet access, etc. These are making massive changes among new generation. Most of the Nepalese, especially youth speak Nepali and fluent English language. They dress in western style most of the time. Therefore, generally relate to the outside world.
Generally, there are two major groups of people in Nepal. Outside Nepal, the best known are the Sherpa people. They have gained world interest because of their mountaineering skills. In fact, the word “Sherpa,” means mountain guide in English. It comes from the group’s proud Sherpa name.
In the mid hill, mostly Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung and Chepang groups live. Also, other mongoloid groups live in this areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar and Thakuris and different occupational groups. Likewise, Kami, Damai Sarki, Gaine are spread generally over most parts of the country. In towns Newar, Marbadi, Punjabi, Brahaman, Kshetri and other mixed groups also live. The groups of Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Magar are popular as Gorkha solder in the world.
In Terai Plain Brahaman, Kshetri, Rajput, Tharu, Danuwar,etc. Moreover, different occupational groups are living together with peace and harmony. Terai’s Mithila groups are popular for their authentic traditional arts and paintings. However, mostly people living in hilly region and Terai region do agriculture. It is their major occupation also.
Nepal is a very broad diversified home land of several ethnical groups. Also, it has common social family structure. In general living in joint family system at a home. Respecting and following own socio-traditional conducts generation to generation. Showing physical affection openly in public is restricted. Also, gents and ladies socialize separately. Both before and after marriage with family gatherings. Normally marriage is arranged by parents with help of marriage consular called Lahmi. Among new generations love marriage is also popular nowadays. They have right to choose their mate and decide their own future bright. Mainly, in major cities and towns. Therefore, information technology has influenced young generation. And has adopted several fascinating ways.
Generally, most of the Nepalese people are involved in agriculture. Most of the people who live outside town has their own family farm land. They grow both main crops and different cash crops seasonally. About 76% of total population in Nepal still belongs to traditional agriculture system as their main source of economy. And rest do other jobs as cottage industries, general manufactures, and others. All together still about 33% of total populations are dependent in agriculture.
In normal way Nepalese people’s food habit can be marked as a rice culture social adoption. Nepalese main course of meal known as Dal-Bhat-Tarkari traditionally. It is perfect combination of carbohydrate, protein, vitamin, mineral, and fat. People eat Dal-Bhat-Tarkari all over Nepal generally. Also, they eat it twice a day habitually. Besides morning and late afternoon, people eat light food, snacks normally. Dal is well cooked lentil soup from different beans. Similarly, Bhat is boiled rice. Likely, Tarkari is curried vegetables. People also eat pickle of seasonal vegetable or fruits, salad. Also, curry or fried meat as a non-vegetarian food.
Well refined mustard oil, ghee are used for the typical Nepalese cooking propose of curry items. Then for taste and flavor, spices are used. Such as cumin seed, coriander, black pepper, sesame seed, turmeric, garlic, ginger,etc.
In the mountain area, rice grows very less. So, people grow millet, barley, bark wheat and maize. Therefore, people of there mostly eat Dhindo with Gundruk or different vegetable. Also curry, meat curry, home made pickle, yogurt. But they also like to have Dal Bhat time to time. This authentic tradition of food habit is very common all over Nepal’s mountain areas. There are several common continental food items available in cities. Several restaurants and fast food stalls of around main hub of tourists prepare foreign food items.
There are many specific dressing style in Nepal as a country is being home of multi cultural and lingual groups people. Most Nepalese ethnic groups have their own unique style of dress according to region and culture. Among gents Daura Suruwal Dhaka Topi,T- shirt, Shirt Pant, different casual wears and ladies Kurta Salwar, Saries Blouse (Cholo). In the cities particularly, young hearts both men and women often dress in western style clothing, while elder women mostly wear Saries Blouse (Cholo), Kurta Salwar modestly.
Nepal is multi religious country in the world so different ethnic groups live with their own way of religious practice, lifestyle, language, culture and tradition with ever peace of harmony in society. About 80% of total populations are Hindu religion follower lives in the all over Nepal’s east to west up to Maha Bharat range in north, about 10% Buddhist religion people among live bellow of Himalayan region to mid hill, valleys and in towns together 4% Muslim religious people and rest of other religious people live in different parts of the country. In Hindu community, priest( pundit) handles every ritual ceremony. Similarly, Lama (monk) handles in Buddhism community. Also, Mullah handles in Muslim community.
In term of vast range geographical varied land orientation features of the country. Hinduism among Indo-Aryan communities influence in the lower elevation. Moreover, the Buddhism among Tibetan-origin in the Himalayan region. Similarly, other different parts of the Nepal. In Nepal moreover traditionally, Buddhism and Hinduism both were never two distinct religions for societies they believe these two religion have inter relation since then so that share faiths and worship common deities in temples, monasteries and mostly pilgrimage by both communities people. Though Nepal has number of religious group they always live in peace and harmony. There is not any record of religious conflict in Nepal yet. All Nepali has respected the national feeling of ‘unity in diversity, Nepali’s specialty and establishing own reorganization to the world.